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Section Two: Teacher Registration and Practising Certificate Framework

This section provides a detailed description of each of the main elements of the framework – how they work and why.

Part A: Joining the New Zealand Teaching Profession

  • Qualifying as a teacher in New Zealand
  • Overseas teachers
  • Requirements for becoming a registered teacher

Part B: Categories of Practising Certificate:

  • Provisional Practising Certificate
  • Full Practising Certificate
  • Subject to Confirmation Practising Certificate

Part C: Pathway to being issued with a Full Practising Certificate

For information on the formal policies that underpin this framework, see Section Three: Policy Documents.

Policy Subsection: 
Subsection Title: 
Part A: Joining the New Zealand Teaching Profession
Subsection Body: 
  1. The two key requirements for becoming a registered member of the New Zealand teaching profession and being issued with a practising certificate are that a person is:
    1. satisfactorily trained to teach; and
    2. of good character and fit to be a teacher, including having a satisfactory Police vet.
  2. A teacher may be lawfully employed in a teaching position (in a school, kura, kindergartens and in most positions in an early childhood education setting) only if they are both registered and hold a current practising certificate.
  3. A teacher may call themselves a registered teacher when the Education Council has granted them registration in accordance with s353 of the Education Act 1989. It is an offence to use the term ‘registered teacher’ if a person is not registered.28

    Qualifying as a teacher in New Zealand

  4. S354 of the Education Act 1989 enables the Education Council to determine whether a teacher is satisfactorily trained to teach.
  5. Qualified teachers have studied pedagogy – the process of teaching and learning – including how children/students/young people learn, how contextual factors influence teaching and learning, curricula, planning, assessment, evaluation and strategies for engaging diverse learners. Qualified teachers are also often able and expected to specialise in more than one curriculum area.
  6. People wishing to join the New Zealand teaching profession must successfully graduate from an approved initial teacher education (ITE) programme to meet the registration requirement of being satisfactorily trained to teach.
  7. The Education Council has the responsibility to approve ITE programmes and to set standards for graduates from the programmes.29
  8. Approved ITE programmes comprise a mix of curriculum, learning and pedagogical theory, professional studies, practicum experiences, and cultural studies that prepare people to teach in the complex and challenging education environment in Aotearoa New Zealand.
  9. There are three main types of approved ITE programme:
    1. an undergraduate degree of three or four years’ length; and
    2. a graduate diploma of one (to one and a third) year’s length; and
    3. a master’s degree of one year’s length.
  10. In order to be considered satisfactorily trained to teach a person who completes a one year graduate diploma or master’s programme must demonstrate that they have met the required academic entry standards, including the required level of English and/or te reo Māori language proficiency, as well as successfully completing the programme. This means having an entry qualification that meets the Education Council’s requirements, set out in the ‘Entry to Graduate Diploma Programmes for Initial Teacher Education Policy’.
  11. All Education Council-approved ITE programmes are at Level 7 or above on the NZQF.
  12. A current list of all approved ITE programmes can be found on the Education Council’s website.
  13. The Graduating Teacher Standards have been developed by the Education Council to ensure that all graduates entering the profession:
    1. understand the critical role teachers play in enabling the education achievement of all ākonga; and
    2. have up-to-date content knowledge (i.e. they know what to teach); and
    3. have up-to-date pedagogical knowledge (i.e. they know how to teach).
  14. By successfully graduating from an approved ITE programme a person demonstrates that they meet the Graduating Teacher Standards.30
  15. The Education Council also considers the recency of a teacher’s qualification to be relevant to whether they are satisfactorily trained to teach.
  16. In order to become registered, a person is required to have completed an approved ITE qualification within the previous six years. If their ITE qualification was granted six years ago (or more), they are required to complete the Teacher Education Refresh (TER) programme to ensure that their knowledge and skills are sufficiently up to date for them to teach effectively in the current New Zealand education environment.

    Overseas teachers

  17. Any person who has trained as a teacher outside of New Zealand and wishes to become registered in New Zealand is required to demonstrate that they have a comparable level of qualifications and teacher education to be considered satisfactorily trained to teach by the Education Council.
  18. The New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) has expertise in the assessment of international qualifications against New Zealand benchmarks. The Education Council requires any overseas teacher to provide an international qualifications assessment report from NZQA that has been completed and issued by NZQA within the previous five years. This provides the Education Council both with assurance that the awarding body has accreditation and with essential information about the content, depth of study and levelling of the person’s international qualifications against the New Zealand Qualifications Framework.
  19. If NZQA assesses a person’s overseas qualifications as comparable or holding the core components of an approved New Zealand teaching qualification, and they were awarded within the previous six years, they will generally be considered to be satisfactorily trained to teach in New Zealand.31
  20. The Education Council may also accept as satisfactorily trained to teach overseas teachers who have a qualification that is assessed by NZQA as not comparable to a New Zealand ITE qualification. In those situations where an overseas teacher has significant teaching experience, the Education Council will consider as a whole package their qualifications including tertiary level teaching qualifications, teaching experience and evidence of ongoing professional development to determine whether they are considered satisfactorily trained to teach. More information on this discretionary pathway can be found in the ‘Satisfactorily Trained to Teach Policy’.
  21. Teaching experience on its own will not be sufficient for becoming registered in New Zealand. To be registered as a teacher a person needs to have a tertiary level qualification that includes sufficient elements of teacher education and pedagogical study.
  22. As well as being satisfactorily trained to teach it is important for all overseas teachers to have specific guidance and support in understanding the needs of diverse learners and the unique bicultural context for teaching in New Zealand.
  23. In order to ensure that teachers are satisfactorily trained to teach the Education Council will be increasingly focusing on ensuring that the knowledge and understanding of overseas teachers is comparable to graduates of approved ITE programmes with regards to their cultural competencies.32
  24. For this reason, it is unlikely that an overseas teacher (with the exception of some States/ Territories in Australia, as outlined in paragraph 26) would be eligible to gain a full practising certificate on their first application.
  25. All overseas teachers will need to undertake teaching with induction and mentoring provided by a fully certificated mentor teacher prior to being eligible to apply for a full practising certificate. The induction and mentoring programme will be particularly focused on supporting overseas teachers with teaching effectively in the New Zealand context.
    Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition
  26. Teachers who are lawfully eligible to practice in one of the recognised States or Territories in Australia (this may be in the form of registration, membership or accreditation depending on the jurisdiction) may be eligible to be considered for registration and a practising certificate under the provisions of the Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition Act 1997.33
  27. Teachers eligible to apply under this provision are not required to obtain an international qualifications assessment report from NZQA for their registration application.34 They will need to provide evidence of holding current registration in the relevant category with an approved State/Territory with their application.
    Being of good character and fit to be a teacher
  28. In order to both become a registered teacher and be issued with a practising certificate a person is required to also meet the following requirements:35
    1. be of good character and fit to be a teacher (which includes having a satisfactory Police vet); and
    2. be proficient in English and/or te reo Māori.
  29. A person may not become a registered teacher if they have been convicted of a specified offence, unless an exemption has been sought and granted.36

    Table 1. Requirements for becoming a registered teacher

    Requirement The Education Council considers that this means Evidence required
    Satisfactorily trained to teach37 The person:
    1. has a tertiary qualification/s that includes sufficient elements of teacher education; and
    2. can demonstrate that they have met the Graduating Teacher Standards (or equivalent).
    The person has:
    1. graduated from an Education Council-approved initial teacher education (ITE) programme (including meeting the entry requirements and any other specific standards outlined in the Education Council’s Approval, Review and Monitoring Processes and Requirements for Initial Teacher Education Programmes); or
    2. an overseas teaching qualification assessed by NZQA38 as comparable to a New Zealand Education Council-approved ITE programme; or
    3. an overseas teaching qualification assessed by NZQA39 as having the core components of a New Zealand Education Council-approved ITE programme; or
    4. provided evidence of a package of qualifications, experience and training that the Education Council deems to be comparable under the discretionary pathway (described in the ‘Satisfactorily Trained to Teach Policy’); and
    5. if their Education Council-approved ITE qualification was granted six years ago (or more), has successfully completed the Teacher Education Refresh (TER) programme.40
    Of good character and fit to be a teacher41 The teacher has had a satisfactory Police vet within the past three years. The teacher has:
    1. had a Police vet completed by the Vetting and Validation section of the NZ Police; and
    2. provided a Police vet from the national Police service of any country in which the teacher has spent 12 months or more within the last 10 years.
    The teacher has qualities and attributes42 that mean they are likely to uphold the public and professional reputation of NZ teachers and promote the safety of ākonga. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they:
    1. have been dismissed from a teaching position in any country; and
    2. have had teacher registration refused or cancelled in any country; and
    3. are under investigation for any matters that may call into question their character or fitness to teach.
    The teacher does not have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily.
    Proficient in English and/or te reo Māori The person meets the minimum level language proficiency requirements. The person has:
    1. evidence of completing an Education Council-approved ITE programme in New Zealand, including meeting the entry requirements; or
    2. provided a certified copy of results from an approved English language test or approved Māori language test showing that the relevant minimum score has been attained in each component of the test;43 or
    3. (if English or Māori is their first language), provided a statutory declaration attesting that their first language is English or Māori; AND statements from schools and education providers confirming the language of instruction for all schooling and school qualifications was English or Māori.44
    Relevant policies
  30. This section of the Framework should be read in conjunction with the following policies, standards and guidelines:
    • Satisfactorily Trained to Teach Policy
    • Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy
    • Language Proficiency Requirements for Teaching in Aotearoa New Zealand
    • Graduating Teacher Standards
Subsection Footnote: 
Education Act 1989, s137(1)(b).
The Education Council’s <em>Approval, Review and Monitoring Process and Requirements for Initial Teacher Education</em> sets out how the Education Council determines the requirements for the approval of an ITE programme.
The <emGraduating Teacher Standards</em> are included in Section Four: Standards and Guidelines.
Overseas teachers who were awarded their teaching qualification more than six years ago, but who have recent teaching service acceptable to the Education Council m ay also be considered satisfactorily trained to teach without being required to complete the <em>TER</em> programme. Refer to the ‘Satisfactorily Trained to Teach Policy’ for further information.
A supporting resource to help assess teachers’ cultural competenci es (as described in <em>Tātaiako</em> ), and to align these competencies to the <em> Graduating Teacher Standards</em> and <em>Practising Teacher Criteria</em> is available on the Education Council website.
Trans - Tasman Mutual Recognition Act 1997, s15.
Note that this may be requi red by the Ministry of Education for salary assessment purposes.
These requirements are outlined in Section Three: Policy Documents and Section Four: Standards and Guidelines.
Schedule 2 of the Vulnerable Children Act 2014 lists specified offences. S35 and s36 of the Vulnerable Children Act 2014 outline the exemption process.
Education Act 1989, s353(c).
The NZQA International Qualifications Assessment Report is required to have been completed and issued by NZQA within the previous five years.
The NZQA International Qualifications Assessment Report is required to have been completed and issued by NZQA within the previous five years.
Overseas trained teachers who completed their Education Council - approved overseas teaching qualification/s more si x years ago or more, and have completed recent teaching that is acceptable to the Education Council since completing their teaching qualification may be exempt from completing the <em>TER</em> programme. Generally, teaching experience completed in New Zealand will not be considered as acceptable in lieu of completing the <em>TER</em> programme, since teaching employment in the compulsory education sector requires a teacher to hold a practising certificate. The Education Council will consider whether an applicant has recent acceptable teaching under discretion and in accordance with the ‘Satisfactorily Trained to Teach Policy’.
Education Act 1989, s353(a) and (b). If any matters are disclosed from the Police vet or declaration section of the form, they will be considered as outlined in the ‘Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy’.
See paragraph 11 a) - f) of the ‘Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy’.
Language requirements, including minimum acceptable test results, are listed in the policy ‘Language Prof iciency Requirements for Teaching in Aotearoa New Zealand’.
Additional evidence and information may be required; see the policy ‘Language Proficiency Requirements for Teaching in Aotearoa New Zealand’ for further information and explanation.
Subsection Title: 
Part B: Categories of Practising Certificate
Subsection Body: 

Provisional Practising Certificate

This section provides information about the requirements and processes that apply when a provisional practising certificate is issued and renewed.

The requirements for being issued with a full practising certificate are set out in Part C: ‘Pathway to being issued with a Full Practising Certificate’.

Introduction
  1. A teacher is usually issued with a provisional practising certificate when they first become registered.
  2. It is a requirement that a teacher hold a current practising certificate in order to be lawfully employed in a teaching position in a school, kura, kindergarten and in most teaching positions in early childhood education settings.
  3. Teachers who hold a provisional practising certificate are usually newly qualified teachers. Provisional certification provides them with an opportunity to:
    1. make the transition from being a student teacher to being a confident and effective teacher; and
    2. become accomplished and effective teachers who can improve the learning outcomes of diverse ākonga; and
    3. progressively demonstrate that they meet the Practising Teacher Criteria; and
    4. build a strong foundation of self-reflection and ongoing professional learning.
  4. Provisional certification signals to employers and the profession that the teacher has limited or no teaching experience and requires support through a high quality induction and mentoring programme to:
    1. enable them to demonstrate that they know how to teach effectively in New Zealand; and
    2. show, over time, that they meet all of the Practising Teacher Criteria; and
    3. understand how to demonstrate the Code of Ethics for Certificated Teachers – Ngā Tikanga Matatika mō ngā Pouako Kua Whiwhi Tohu Whakaako in their practice; and
    4. become part of a learning community where they can both bring new knowledge to the profession and learn from more experienced teachers around them.
  5. The Education Council considers the Practising Teacher Criteria paramount in defining the teaching benchmark for practising certificate purposes.
  6. The Education Council expects teachers to hold a provisional practising certificate for a minimum of two years and then be ready to be recommended by their professional leader and mentor teacher for a full practising certificate.
  7. After three years a teacher may apply again for a provisional practising certificate, if the Education Council considers that the teacher meets the requirements and has valid reasons for not yet being able to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria and be issued with a full practising certificate.
  8. The Education Council requires teachers to complete the Teacher Education Refresh (TER) programme if they have not met the teaching service requirements to be issued with a full practising certificate six years or more after first becoming registered.
    Requirements
  9. In order to be issued with a provisional practising certificate a person must be:
    1. a registered teacher; and
    2. up to date in terms of their professional knowledge and practice; and
    3. of good character and fit to be a teacher; and
    4. proficient in English and/or te reo Māori; and
    5. committed to upholding the Code of Ethics for Certificated Teachers – Ngā Tikanga Matatika mō ngā Pouako Kua Whiwhi Tohu Whakaako.
  10. To renew a provisional practising certificate a teacher must meet all of the above requirements, and:
    1. have completed satisfactory recent teaching experience; and
    2. have completed satisfactory professional development within the past three years.
    Table 1: Requirements for the issue and renewal of provisional practising certificates
    Requirement The Education Council considers that this means Evidence required
    For the issue of a provisional practising certificate
    The teacher’s professional knowledge and practice is up to date Within the last six years the teacher has either:
    1. completed an approved initial teacher education (ITE) qualification; or
    2. successfully completed the Teacher Education Refresh (TER) programme.
    A certified copy of:
    1. the ITE qualification or statement confirming eligibility to graduate from the ITE provider; or
    2. a statement of completion from the TER provider.
    Of good character and fit to be a teacher45 The teacher has had a satisfactory Police vet within the past three years. The teacher has:
    1. had a Police vet completed by the Vetting and Validation section of the NZ Police; and
    2. provided a Police vet from the national Police service of any country in which the teacher has spent 12 months or more within the last 10 years.
    The teacher has qualities and attributes46 that mean they are likely to uphold the public and professional reputation of NZ teachers and promote the safety of ākonga. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they:
    1. have been dismissed from a teaching position in any country; and
    2. have had teacher registration refused or cancelled in any country; and
    3. are under investigation for any matters that may call into question their character or fitness to teach.
    The teacher does not have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily.
    Proficient in English and/or te reo Māori The teacher meets the minimum level language proficiency requirements. Language proficiency is relevant to a teacher’s fitness to teach. Registered teachers will have been required to demonstrate that they are language proficient when applying for registration.47
    Committed to upholding the Code of Ethics The teacher confirms they are committed to upholding the Code of Ethics. On each application, a teacher must sign a declaration that they are committed to upholding the Code of Ethics.
    Additional requirements for the renewal of a provisional practising certificate
    Satisfactory recent teaching experience48

    ‘Satisfactory’ means that the teacher is likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria once they have the opportunity to be meaningfully assessed using them.

    ‘Recent’ means within the last three to five years.

    Within the last three years the teacher has completed at least:
    1. six weeks of full time continuous teaching employment in the general education system; or
    2. 80 days of teaching employment in the general education system (including day relief); or
    3. three months of full time teaching employment in an educational institution recognised by the Education Council.

    If the teacher does not meet one of the above, the Education Council will exercise discretion to consider any teaching employment completed in the general education system or a recognised educational institution within the previous five years.

    When considering whether the teacher is likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria, the Education Council will take into account the views of the professional leader/s who employed the teacher by requesting a testimonial.49

    Satisfactory professional development during the past three years The teacher is likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria, including criteria 4 (i), (ii), (iii), 5(i) and 12.

    A testimonial from the professional leader/s who employed the teacher attesting they are likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria.

    The Education Council may also request a list of professional learning and development activities undertaken within the previous three years.

    Expectations
  11. The Education Council has the following expectations of provisionally certificated teachers.
  12. Graduates are expected to become registered and provisionally certificated promptly after completing the requirements to graduate from their initial teacher education (ITE) qualification.50 Those who completed their ITE qualification six years ago (or more) are required to complete the Teacher Education Refresh (TER) programme before applying for registration and being issued with a provisional practising certificate.51
  13. Provisionally certificated teachers are expected to meet the requirements to be issued with a full practising certificate within three years. However the Education Council recognises that, for valid reasons, this is not always possible. These reasons may include:
    1. not yet being able to demonstrate meeting all of the Practising Teacher Criteria, but their professional leader can provide assurance that:
      1. satisfactory progress towards meeting all of the Practising Teacher Criteria is being made; and
      2. there will be continuing support for the teacher in order for them to be able to demonstrate that they do meet all of the Practising Teacher Criteria within the next three years; or
    2. the teacher being absent on parental leave; or
    3. ill health (of the teacher or a close relative) that precludes a teacher from working; or
    4. the teacher living overseas; or
    5. the teacher being unable to secure a 0.5 FTTE teaching position; or
    6. the teacher being employed in a setting where it is not possible for the teacher to participate in a two year, broad-based induction and mentoring programme while being mentored by a fully certificated teacher.
  14. Provisionally certificated teachers are expected to access and fully engage in a high quality induction and mentoring programme that is comprehensive, educative and evaluative.52 The Education Council advises provisionally certificated teachers to ascertain that their employer can provide an induction and mentoring programme before accepting an offer of employment in a teaching position. Both the provisionally certificated teacher and employer are required by the Education Council to keep records of the induction and mentoring programme, and of the teacher meeting the Practising Teacher Criteria.
    Relevant Policies
  15. This section of the Framework should be read in conjunction with the following policies, standards and guidelines:
    • Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy
    • Likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria Policy
    • Language Proficiency Requirements for Teaching in Aotearoa New Zealand
    • Practising Teacher Criteria
    • Code of Ethics for Certificated Teachers – Ngā Tikanga Matatika mō ngā Pouako Kua Whiwhi Tohu Whakaako
    • Guidelines for Induction and Mentoring and Mentor Teachers

Appendix: Application of Teacher Education Refresh (TER) programme to registration and practising certificates

Full Practising Certificate

This section provides information about the requirements and processes that apply to renewing a full practising certificate.

The requirements for a provisionally certificated teacher or teacher certificated subject to confirmation to be issued with a full practising certificate are set out in Part C: ‘Pathway to being issued with a Full Practising Certificate’.

Introduction
  1. A full practising certificate can be renewed by experienced teachers who can demonstrate that they have recent satisfactory teaching experience and have recently been appraised using, and have met, all of the Practising Teacher Criteria.
  2. The Education Council considers the Practising Teacher Criteria paramount in defining the teaching benchmark for practising certificate purposes.
  3. The majority of practising teachers in New Zealand hold a full practising certificate.
  4. Full certification is an indicator that the teacher:
    1. has had at least two years of teaching experience; and
    2. has been inducted into the teaching profession by successfully completing a two year programme of induction and mentoring that is comprehensive, educative and evaluative;53 and
    3. has been endorsed as being appraised using and as having met, all of the Practising Teacher Criteria within the last three to five years.
  5. A current practising certificate is a requirement to be lawfully employed in a teaching position in a school, kura, kindergarten and in most teaching positions in early childhood education settings.
    Requirements
  6. To renew a full practising certificate, a teacher is required to:
    1. be of good character and fit to be a teacher, which includes having a satisfactory Police vet; and
    2. be proficient in English and/or te reo Māori
    3. have completed satisfactory recent teaching experience; and
    4. have completed satisfactory professional development during the last three years; and
    5. be committed to upholding the Code of Ethics for Certificated Teachers – Ngā Tikanga Matatika mō ngā Pouako Kua Whiwhi Tohu Whakaako.

    Table 1: Requirements for renewing a full practising certificate

    Requirement The Education Council considers that this means Evidence required
    Of good character and fit to be a teacher54 The teacher has had a satisfactory Police vet within the past three years. The teacher has:
    1. had a Police vet completed by the Vetting and Validation section of the NZ Police; and
    2. provided a Police vet from the national Police service of any country in which the teacher has spent 12 months or more within the last 10 years.
    The teacher has qualities and attributes55 that mean they are likely to uphold the public and professional reputation of NZ teachers and promote the safety of ākonga. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they:
    1. have been dismissed from a teaching position in any country; and
    2. have had teacher registration refused or cancelled in any country; and
    3. are under investigation for any matters that may call into question their character or fitness to teach.
    The teacher does not have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily.
    Proficient in English and/or te reo Māori The teacher meets the minimum level language proficiency requirements. Language proficiency is relevant to a teacher’s fitness to teach. Registered teachers will have been required to demonstrate they are language proficient. The professional leader who completes the endorsement for renewal of a full practising certificate is required to endorse that the teacher has met the Practising Teacher Criteria, including effectively communicating in English and/or te reo Māori.
    Satisfactorily completed teaching experience56 The teacher has recently been meaningfully appraised using, and has met, all of the Practising Teacher Criteria while holding a practising certificate. The professional leader who last employed the teacher in New Zealand in a continuous teaching position for at least six weeks has provided an endorsement that:
    1. the teacher has provided the professional leader with evidence of meeting all of the Practising Teacher Criteria; and
    2. in the judgement of the professional leader the teacher, has demonstrated that they have met all of the Practising Teacher Criteria.
    Recent teaching experience The teacher has completed within the general education system or a setting approved by the Education Council:
    1. two years57 of teaching experience completed within the last five years; or
    2. one year58 of teaching experience within the last three years.
    The teacher has provided a completed list of teaching service.
    Satisfactory professional development during the past three years The teacher has completed sufficient professional development for their professional leader to be assured that they meet all of the Practising Teacher Criteria, including criteria 4 (i)(ii)(iii),5 (i) and 12. The professional leader has signed an endorsement that the teacher has been appraised using, and has met, all of the Practising Teacher Criteria.
    Committed to upholding the Code of Ethics The teacher confirms they are committed to upholding the Code of Ethics. On each application, a teacher must sign a declaration that they are committed to upholding the Code of Ethics.
    The Education Council’s expectations
  7. The Education Council expects experienced teachers who are employed in teaching positions to be regularly appraised using, and demonstrate that they meet, all of the Practising Teacher Criteria.
  8. The Education Council expects teachers to have evidence of having engaged with and met each of the Practising Teacher Criteria through the course of their daily teaching practice and as part of their setting’s appraisal process.
  9. The Education Council expects this evidence to be used by professional leaders as the basis for making their decision as to whether a teacher has recently met all of the Practising Teacher Criteria.59
  10. To renew a full practising certificate, the Education Council does not require a teacher to be employed for a specific amount of teaching per week, but it will require that their teaching service has been sufficient (i.e. neither too part-time nor too casual)60 as well as meeting the requirement of being recent to enable their professional leader to undertake meaningful appraisal using the Practising Teacher Criteria.
  11. The Education Council may ask to see copies of the evidence of engaging with and meeting all of the Practising Teacher Criteria, but will not do so as a matter of course. The Education Council will only request this information when it can provide a reason for doing so.
    Evidence of appraisal
  12. Generally, the Education Council considers that successful appraisal using the Practising Teacher Criteria would include:
    1. a process by which success criteria are agreed; and
    2. goal setting; and
    3. indicators of success; and
    4. identification of timeframes and actions
    5. identification of support that will be required for the teacher to be successful; and
    6. evidence that ākonga achievement and learning are at the centre of the process and the teacher’s professional practice.
  13. Evidence of high quality appraisal will generally include a learning portfolio comprising:
    1. teaching as inquiry; and
    2. observations/feedback; and
    3. evidence of learning; and
    4. student voice; and
    5. informal feedback; and
    6. contribution to the wider school/centre (including feedback from other staff).
  14. The Appraisal Conceptual Framework sets out the elements for quality appraisal for teachers.

    Figure 1: Appraisal Conceptual Framework

    Relevant policies
  15. This section of the Registration Framework should be read in conjunction with the following policies, standards and guidelines:
    • Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy
    • Satisfactory Recent Teaching Experience Policy
    • Language Proficiency Requirements for Teaching in Aotearoa New Zealand
    • Practising Teacher Criteria
    • Code of Ethics for Certificated Teachers – Ngā Tikanga Matatika mō ngā Pouako Kua Whiwhi Tohu Whakaako

Subject to Confirmation Practising Certificate

This section provides information about the requirements and processes that apply to the issue and renewal of a practising certificate in the category subject to confirmation.

The requirements for being issued with a full practising certificate are set out in Part C: ‘Pathway to being issued with a Full Practising Certificate’.

Introduction
  1. A practising certificate in the category subject to confirmation is for experienced teachers who have previously met the Practising Teacher Criteria.
  2. A subject to confirmation practising certificate signals that the teacher:
    1. has had at least two years of teaching experience; and
    2. has in the past been inducted into the teaching profession by successfully completing a two year programme of induction and mentoring (or its equivalent) that is comprehensive, educative and evaluative;61 but
    3. for valid reasons has not recently been able to be meaningfully appraised using the Practising Teacher Criteria.
  3. It is a requirement that a teacher hold a current practising certificate in order to be lawfully employed in a teaching position in a school, kura, kindergarten and in most teaching positions in early childhood education settings.
  4. The most common reasons for teachers being certificated subject to confirmation are:
    1. they have recently been employed in teaching positions that are too part-time or too casual to enable the teacher to be meaningfully appraised using the Practising Teacher Criteria (they do not meet the criteria to be issued with or renew a full practising certificate); or
    2. they are returning to teaching after having been employed overseas or having taken a break from the profession for personal or career reasons; or
    3. they are an experienced overseas teacher.62
  5. The Education Council considers the Practising Teacher Criteria paramount in defining the teaching benchmark for holding a practising certificate.
  6. A subject to confirmation practising certificate does not signal that the teacher cannot meet the Practising Teacher Criteria, nor does it signal that there are any competence or conduct issues associated with a teacher.
  7. Instead this category of practising certificate signals that a teacher’s experience and qualifications mean that they are likely to be able to meet all of the Practising Teacher Criteria, but that they have not recently had the opportunity to demonstrate the Criteria in their practice. When they do again have the opportunity to be meaningfully assessed and meet the Practising Teacher Criteria, they are expected to again apply to be issued with a full practising certificate.
    Requirements
  8. In order to be issued with a subject to confirmation practising certificate a teacher is required to be:
    1. a registered teacher; and
    2. of good character and fit to be a teacher; and
    3. proficient in English and/or te reo Māori; and
    4. an experienced teacher; and
    5. committed to upholding the Code of Ethics for Certificated Teachers – Ngā Tikanga Matatika mō ngā Pouako Kua Whiwhi Tohu Whakaako.
  9. To renew a subject to confirmation practising certificate a teacher must meet all of the above requirements, and:
    1. have completed satisfactory recent teaching as appropriate for this category of practising certificate; and
    2. have completed satisfactory professional development in the past three years.

    Table 1: Requirements for the issue and renewal of a subject to confirmation practising certificate

    Requirement The Education Council considers that this means Evidence required
    For the issue of a subject to confirmation practising certificate
    Of good character and fit to be a teacher63 The teacher has had a satisfactory Police vet within the past three years. The teacher has:
    1. had a Police vet completed by the Vetting and Validation section of the NZ Police; and
    2. provided a Police vet from the national Police service of any country in which the teacher has spent 12 months or more within the last 10 years.
    The teacher has qualities and attributes64 that mean they are likely to uphold the public and professional reputation of NZ teachers and promote the safety of ākonga. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they:
    1. have been dismissed from a teaching position in any country; and
    2. have had teacher registration refused or cancelled in any country; and
    3. are under investigation for any matters that may call into question their character or fitness to teach.
    The teacher does not have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily.
    Proficient in English and/or te reo Māori The teacher meets the minimum level language proficiency requirements. Language proficiency is relevant to a teacher’s fitness to teach. Registered teachers will have been required to demonstrate that they are language proficient when applying for registration.65
    Is an experienced teacher Has either:
    1. demonstrated that they have met the Practising Teacher Criteria by having held a full practising certificate or its equivalent in the past; or
    2. held a senior teaching position; and:
      1. more than five years of teaching experience; and
      2. undertaken professional learning and development associated with teaching and learning within the last five years; and
      3. had a professional appraisal of their teaching by a supervisor within the last five years.

    The Education Council will have a record of the types of practising certificate and/or registration the teacher held with the Teachers Council or the Education Council in the past.

    Teachers may be asked to provide:

    1. a copy of their Curriculum Vitae; and
    2. statements on letterhead from relevant schools/centres confirming details of their employment; and
    3. testimonials on school/centre letterhead from professional leaders who have employed them; and
    4. a list of their recent professional learning and development; and
    5. evidence of their recent appraisal.
    Committed to upholding the Code of Ethics The teacher confirms they are committed to upholding the Code of Ethics. On each application, a teacher must sign a declaration that they are committed to upholding the Code of Ethics
    Additional requirements for the renewal of a subject to confirmation practising certificate
    Satisfactory recent teaching experience66

    ‘Satisfactory’ means that the teacher is likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria once they have the opportunity to be meaningfully appraised using them.

    ‘Recent’ means within the last three to five years.67

    Within the last three years the teacher has completed at least:
    1. six weeks of full time continuous teaching employment in the general education system; or
    2. 80 days of teaching employment in the general education system (including day relief); or
    3. three months of full time teaching employment in an educational institution recognised by the Education Council.

    If the teacher does not meet one of the above, the Education Council will exercise discretion to consider any teaching employment completed in the general education system or an educational institution recognised by the Education Council within the previous five years.

    When considering whether the teacher is likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria, the Education Council will take into account the views of the professional leader/s who employed the teacher by requesting a testimonial.

    Satisfactory professional development during the past three years The teacher is likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria, including criteria 4 (i), (ii), (iii), 5(i) and 12.

    A testimonial from the professional leader/s who employed the teacher attesting they are likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria.

    The Education Council may also request a list of professional learning and development activities undertaken within the previous three years.

    The Education Council’s expectations
  10. Teachers who are certificated subject to confirmation are expected to gain a full practising certificate within one to three years. The Education Council expects that most teachers certificated in this category who are employed in a teaching position will be meaningfully appraised using, and meet, all of the Practising Teacher Criteria within one to three years. The Education Council considers that the only valid reasons that the teacher has not been meaningfully appraised using the Practising Teacher Criteria would be that the teacher‘s employment has been (in the judgement of their employing professional leader) too part-time or too casual for meaningful appraisal using the Practising Teacher Criteria.
  11. The Education Council will determine in any individual situation whether the professional leader’s assessment that the position was ‘too part time or too casual’ was reasonable in the circumstances.
    Relevant policies
  12. This section of the Framework should be read in conjunction with the following policies, standards and guidelines:
    • Satisfactorily Trained to Teach Policy
    • Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy
    • Likely to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria Policy
    • Language Proficiency Requirements for Teaching in Aotearoa New Zealand
    • Graduating Teacher Standards
    • Practising Teacher Criteria
    • Code of Ethics for Certificated Teachers – Ngā Tikanga Matatika mō ngā Pouako Kua Whiwhi Tohu Whakaako
    • Guidelines for Induction and Mentoring and Mentor Teachers
Subsection Footnote: 
If any matters are disclosed from the Police vet or declaration section of the form, they will be considered as outlined in the ‘Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy’.
See paragraph 11 a) - f) of the ‘Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy’.
While it will not usually be necessary to require evidence of language proficiency for a future renewal of a provisional practising certificate, the Education Council may ask for evidence in accordance with the policy ‘Language Proficiency Requirements for Teach ing in Aotearoa New Zealand’.
The Education Act 1989 defines ‘satisfactory recent teaching experience’ as two years of uninterrupted teaching completed within the previous five years, but allows the Education Council to approve a shorter period of time. If a provisionally certificated teacher has completed two years of uninterrupted teaching employment within the previous five years, it would be expected that they may be able to apply to be issued with a full practising certificate. See Section Two, Par t C: ‘Pathway to Gaining a Full Practising Certificate’.
The Education Council will determine whether a testimonial is acceptable based on the sufficiency of the teacher’s employment at the relevant school or centre.
For overseas teachers with some tea ching experience in their home country, the expectation is that they become provisionally certificated in New Zealand while they still have recent teaching experience so that they can demonstrate that their professional knowledge and practice is up to date . Generally, all overseas teachers need to additionally complete supervised teaching in New Zealand prior to applying for a full practising certificate.
In rare situations a teacher may request to not be issued with a practising certificate at the time they apply for registration. If they apply for a practising certificate for the first time six years or more after they were granted registration, they will be required to successfully complete the TER programme before being issued with a practising certi ficate.
The <em>Guidelines for Induction and Mentoring and Mentor Teachers</em> describe the requirements and expectations for high quality induction and mentoring programmes and are included in Section Four: Standards and Guidelines.
The <em>Guidelines for Induction and Mentoring and Mentor Teachers</em> describe the requirements and expectations for high quality induction and mentoring programmes and are included in Section Four: Standards and Guidelines.
If any matters are disclosed from the Police vet or dec laration section of the form, they will be considered as outlined in the ‘Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy’.
See paragraph 11 a) - f) of the ‘Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy’.
Education Act 1989, s361(6)(a)
Two years of unint errupted employment (see Education Act 1989, s348) means an accumulated period of not less than 72 weeks completed in blocks of six consecutive weeks or more.
One year of uninterrupted employment (see Education Act 1989, s348) means an accumulated period of not less than 36 weeks completed in blocks of six consecutive weeks or more.
Refer to ‘Definitions used in the Registration Policy’ for the definition of recent teaching service and meeting the <em>Practising Teacher Criteria</em>.
Refer to ‘Definitions used in the Registration Policy’ for the definition of ‘too part time and too casual’.
The <em>Guidelines for Induction and Mentoring and Mentor Teachers</em> describe the requirements and expectations for high quality induction and mentoring programmes and are incl uded in Section Four: Standards and Guidelines.
Refer to ‘Definitions used in the Registration Policy’ for further information about when the Education Council considers an overseas trained teacher to be an experienced teacher.
If any matters are disclosed from the Police vet or declaration section of the form, they will be considered as outlined in the ‘Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy’.
See paragraph 11 a) - f) of the ‘Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy’.
While it will not us ually be necessary to require evidence of language proficiency for a future renewal of a subject to confirmation practising certificate, the Education Council may ask for evidence in accordance with the policy ‘Language Proficiency Requirements for Teachin g in Aotearoa New Zealand’.
The Education Act 1989 defines ‘satisfactory recent teaching experience’ as two years of uninterrupted teaching completed within the previous five years, but allows the Education Council to approve a shorter period of time.
If a teacher applying to renew their subject to confirmation practising certificate has not completed any teaching employment within the previous five years, the Education Council may issue the teacher with a subject to confirmation practising certificate but will require a ‘return to practice’ plan. A ‘return to practice’ plan requires a teacher to identify their professional learning needs to re - enter the profession as a certificated teacher and to be an effective teacher, and the professional developmen t and learning activities they intend to undertake address these needs. The Education Council may also require this if a teacher has completed recent teaching that is so minimal that no assurance can be provided either from the teacher or a professional l eader that the teacher is likely to meet the <em>Practising Teacher Criteria</em>.
Subsection Title: 
Part C: Pathway to being issued with a Full Practising Certificate
Subsection Body: 

This section provides information about the requirements and processes that apply when a teacher who holds either a provisional or subject to confirmation practising certificate seeks to be issued with a full practising certificate.

Introduction
  1. Being issued with a full practising certificate is a significant step in a teacher’s career. The key requirement for a full practising certificate that differs from the other two categories of practising certificate is that the teacher must be able to satisfy the Education Council that they have recently met all of the Practising Teacher Criteria.
  2. A teacher will only transition to a full practising certificate from a provisional practising certificate once in their teaching career. The other pathway to full certification is from certification subject to confirmation, which may apply to teachers new to New Zealand but with overseas experience, or to teachers who have previously held a full practising certificate in New Zealand. It is possible that a teacher may progress to full certification from certification subject to confirmation more than once in their teaching career, depending on their professional and life choices.
  3. Teachers with a provisional practising certificate or a subject to confirmation practising certificate are entitled to receive specific support from their employing school or centre, in the form of an induction and mentoring programme to assist them with meeting the Practising Teacher Criteria.
  4. For a teacher to gain a full practising certificate from a provisional practising certificate the Education Council will require confirmation that the teacher has recently completed an appropriate two year induction and mentoring programme while employed in a teaching role of at least 0.5 FTTE.
  5. For a teacher to gain a full practising certificate from a subject to confirmation practising certificate the Education Council will require confirmation that the teacher has recently completed an adequate mentoring programme for an experienced teacher while employed in a teaching role which is sufficient for meaningful appraisal to have taken place over at least one year.
  6. When a teacher’s application for a full practising certificate is approved by the Education Council their provisional or subject to confirmation practising certificate will be replaced by a full practising certificate. The full practising certificate will expire after three years.
  7. In order to be issued with a full practising certificate a teacher must have sufficient teaching service to have enabled an induction and mentoring programme to have been implemented, as approved by the Education Council. The teaching employment is required to have been completed within the general education system.
    Provisionally certificated teachers
  8. Provisionally certificated teachers are likely to be newly qualified teachers who require an intensive and sustained period of induction and mentoring to embed the theory learned in their initial teacher education (ITE) programme and to apply this in practice. Teachers certificated subject to confirmation are experienced teachers who have met the Practising Teacher Criteria in the past.
  9. Provisionally certificated teachers are teachers who are yet to meet the Practising Teacher Criteria for the first time. During their induction into the teaching profession, they will be required to document both the process of induction and mentoring they have undertaken over at least two years and maintain a folio of evidence that will enable their mentor teacher and professional leader to confirm to the Education Council that the provisionally certificated teacher has met all of the Criteria.
  10. Documenting their induction programme requires the teacher and mentor to record activities such as:
    1. evidence informed reflection completed by the teacher on their developing professional relationships, values and knowledge informed practice (framed by the Practising Teacher Criteria), and linking reflection to evidence of student achievement;
    2. teaching observations;
    3. meetings to set goals, follow up on goals previously set, review teaching observations completed by the mentor and regularly evaluate the structure and content of the induction programme;
    4. written formative and summative feedback provided to the teacher by their mentor on progress towards meeting the Practising Teacher Criteria;
    5. evidence of engagement in, and reflection on professional learning and development opportunities.
  11. The portfolio of evidence for meeting the Practising Teacher Criteria must be sufficient to enable the mentor teacher and professional leader to make an appropriate judgement about whether or not the teacher has met the Criteria.
    Teachers certificated subject to confirmation
  12. Experienced teachers who are certificated subject to confirmation do require mentoring but are unlikely to require the same intensive mentoring as newly qualified teachers. While the elements described in paragraph 10 above are still required they would be undertaken as appropriate for the individual experienced teacher.
    Requirements to be issued with a full practising certificate
  13. In order to be issued with a full practising certificate, a provisionally certificated teacher or teacher certificated subject to confirmation is required to:
    1. be a registered teacher; and
    2. be of good character and fit to be a teacher; and
    3. be proficient in English and/or te reo Māori; and
    4. have completed either:
      1. two years of employment in a teaching position of at least 0.5 FTTE within the general education system within the last five years (provisionally certificated teachers); or
      2. one year of employment in a teaching position68 within the general education system within the last three years (teachers certificated subject to confirmation); and
    5. have completed an induction and mentoring programme appropriate to the category of practising certificate they hold, and that allows:
      1. for meaningful appraisal using the Practising Teacher Criteria; and
      2. the teacher to meet, with evidence, all of the Practising Teacher Criteria.

    Table 1: Requirements for the issue of a full practising certificate

    Requirement The Education Council considers this means Evidence required
    Of good character and fit to be a teacher69 The teacher has had a satisfactory police vet within the past three years. The teacher has:
    1. had a Police vet completed by the Vetting and Validation section of the NZ Police; and
    2. provided a Police vet from the national Police service of any country in which the teacher has spent 12 months or more within the last 10 years.
    The teacher has qualities and attributes that mean they are likely to uphold the public and professional reputation of NZ teachers and promote the safety of ākonga. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they:
    1. have been dismissed from a teaching position in any country; and
    2. have had teacher registration refused or cancelled in any country; and
    3. are under investigation for any matters that may call into question their character or fitness to teach.
    The teacher does not have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily. The teacher has made a declaration about whether or not they have any physical or mental health condition that affects their ability to carry out a teaching role safely and satisfactorily.
    Proficient in English and/or te reo Māori The teacher meets the minimum level language proficiency requirements. Language proficiency is relevant to a teacher’s fitness to teach. Registered teachers will have been required to demonstrate that they are language proficient. The mentor teacher and professional leader who complete the recommendation and endorsement for a full practising certificate to be issued are required to confirm that the teacher has met the Practising Teacher Criteria, including effectively communicating in English and/or te reo Māori.
    Employment in a teaching position/s in the general education system in New Zealand or a setting approved by the Education Council.70

    Provisionally certificated teachers:

    two years71 of teaching employment in a position of at least 0.5 FTTE72 completed within the last five years.

    Teachers certificated subject to confirmation:

    one year of teaching employment completed within the last three years.

    The teacher provides details of their teaching service, including the:
    1. position held; and
    2. the setting/s where the teacher has been employed.
    Induction and mentoring programme
    Meaningfully assessed using the Practising Teacher Criteria

    Provisionally certificated teachers have completed an appropriate induction and mentoring programme, which has:

    1. been supervised by a mentor who is fully certificated; and
    2. been of at least two years duration; and
    3. been in the New Zealand general education system; and
    4. provided a broad range of teaching experiences; and
    5. been in line with the Education Council’s Guidelines for Induction and Mentoring and Mentor Teachers.

      One year of supervised teaching service completed overseas may be considered, provided that the teaching was completed in a school or setting recognised by the education authority of the relevant state or country, and an appropriate system of support and mentoring was provided.

    Provisionally certificated teachers must provide:

    1. the dates of the induction and mentoring programme; and
    2. the name and registration number of the mentor teacher/s; and
    3. the mentor teacher’s recommendation that the teacher be issued with a full practising certificate; and
    4. the professional leader’s endorsement of the mentor teacher’s recommendation; and
    5. evidence of completing an induction and mentoring programme over at least two years while provisionally certificated (upon request from the Education Council).

    If a provisionally certificated teacher has completed supervised teaching overseas, a signed statement on letterhead from the overseas professional leader will be required, outlining the content and structure of the induction programme.

    Teachers certificated subject to confirmation have:

    1. been employed in a teaching position which is sufficient to enable meaningful assessment using the Practising Teacher Criteria; and
    2. completed an appropriate mentoring programme over at least one year which has been supervised by a fully certificated teacher.

    The mentoring programme should emphasise recent changes in curriculum, pedagogy and assessment. For overseas trained teachers, induction to the cultural context of teaching in New Zealand will also be important.

    Teachers certificated subject to confirmation must provide:
    1. the dates of the mentoring programme; and
    2. the name and registration number of the mentor teacher/s; and
    3. the mentor teacher’s recommendation that the teacher be issued with a full practising certificate; and
    4. the professional leader’s endorsement of the mentor teacher’s recommendation; and
    5. evidence of completing a mentoring programme of at least one year while certificated subject to confirmation (upon request from the Education Council).
    Meets the Practising Teacher Criteria A teacher has met the Practising Teacher Criteria when:
    1. they have been appraised by their professional leader who most recently employed them in a teaching position for a minimum of six consecutive weeks; and
    2. the six week period of teaching has been completed within the last six months; and
    3. their professional leader can attest that the teacher has provided evidence of meeting all of the Practising Teacher Criteria.
    The endorsement of the professional leader who most recently employed them in a teaching position for a minimum of six consecutive weeks within the last six months.
    Expectations
  14. Provisionally certificated teachers need to ensure that they gain the teaching experience and support they will need to be able to gain a full practising certificate within two to three years of being issued with their first provisional practising certificate.
  15. The Education Council expects provisionally certificated teachers to access and fully engage in a high quality induction and mentoring programme that is comprehensive, educative and evaluative.73 Provisionally certificated teachers should ascertain that the employer can provide such an induction and mentoring programme before accepting an offer of employment in a teaching position.
  16. The responsibility for ensuring the induction programme is implemented and that records are kept of the provisionally certificated teacher meeting the Practising Teacher Criteria is shared between the teacher and their professional leader.
  17. The Education Council expects that teachers certificated subject to confirmation will meet the requirements to gain a full practising certificate within one to three years (but can renew a subject to confirmation practising certificate if they meet the satisfactory recent teaching requirements for that category, and they are employed in a teaching position that is too part time or too casual to enable meaningful appraisal using the Practising Teacher Criteria).
  18. The Practising Teacher Criteria define what the Education Council considers to be satisfactory teaching for a practising teacher to meet. Therefore in order to be issued with a full practising certificate, a teacher certificated subject to confirmation must have a sufficiently diverse range of teaching opportunities in their practice to be meaningfully assessed using and meet all of the Practising Teacher Criteria.
    Relevant policies
  19. This section of the Framework should be read in conjunction with the following policies, standards and guidelines:
    • Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy
    • Language Proficiency Requirements for Teaching in Aotearoa New Zealand
    • Practising Teacher Criteria
    • Code of Ethics for Certificated Teachers – Ngā Tikanga Matatika mō ngā Pouako Kua Whiwhi Tohu Whakaako
    • Guidelines for Induction and Mentoring and Mentor Teachers

Appendix: Education Council Appraisal Conceptual Framework

Subsection Footnote: 
While there are no minimum hours required per week, the teaching role must be of a sufficient size to enable meaningful appraisal using the Practising Teacher Criteria.
If any matters are disclosed from the Police vet or declaration section of the form, they will be considered as outlined in the ‘Good Character and Fit to be a Teacher Policy’.
Note that, generally, the Education Council considers that teaching experience must have been completed while the teacher held a current practising certificate.
Two years means an accumulated period of teaching of not less than 72 weeks completed in blocks of six consecutive weeks or more, with one year equalling 36 weeks.
The Education Council considers 0.5 FTTE to mean at least half of a full time teaching week. For employers who measure jobs in contact hours, these positions are taken to mean contact hours plus other duties. 0.5 FTTE includes all aspects of teachers’ work (i.e. teaching contact hours, planning and preparation time, attendance at staff meetings and professional development).
The <em> Guidelines for Induction and Mentoring and Mentor Teachers</em> describe the requirements and expectations for high quality induction and mentoring programmes and are included in Section Four: Standards and Guidelines.